Chickens mate through a process called cloacal contact, where the rooster transfers sperm to the hen.
The cloaca is a common opening in both male and female chickens, used for reproductive and excretory functions.
Roosters engage in courtship behaviors like strutting, puffing feathers, and making vocalizations to attract hens.
During mating, the rooster mounts the hen, and their cloacas come into contact, allowing for sperm transfer.
After mating, the sperm travels through the hen's reproductive tract to fertilize the eggs.
Hens can mate with multiple roosters, and the last rooster's sperm is usually the most successful in fertilization.
Roosters can mate multiple times a day, while hens may only accept mating during their fertile periods.
Healthy and well-nourished chickens are more likely to have successful mating and reproductive outcomes.