Remove dead plants, weeds, and debris to prevent pests and diseases from overwintering.
Prune shrubs and trees, removing dead or diseased branches. Trim perennial plants to ground level.
Cover delicate plants with mulch, straw, or burlap to shield them from freezing temperatures and harsh winds.
Add compost or organic matter to enrich the soil. This will provide nutrients and improve soil structure.
Apply a layer of mulch to insulate the soil, retain moisture, and prevent weed growth.
Clean and properly store your gardening tools. Remove dirt, oil, and rust, and apply a coat of oil for protection.
Use the winter months to plan your spring garden. Research new plants, create a planting schedule, and order seeds.